Malaria is a life-threatening disease transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
While it is very much preventable, 303,000 children (under the age of 5) died from malaria in 2015.
This is the 7th leading cause of all deaths in low-income countries, with 212 million new malaria cases worldwide in 2015.
Malaria is most prevalent in the Sub-Saharan African region. The hardest hit countries are Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo, which accounts for about 40% of all malaria deaths in the world.
Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN)
Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN) prevent deaths and many other non-fatal cases of malaria and are relatively inexpensive — about USD2.50 to USD6.00 per net.
The proportion of households with sufficient LLINs for all household members was 42% in 2015. People sleep under these bed nets in high-risk areas. Higher net coverage is needed to protect more people against malaria.
Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC)
Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) involves giving children under the age of 5 full malaria treatment courses intermittently during the malaria season.
It "consists of administering a maximum of four treatment courses of SP [sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine] + AQ [amodiaquine] at monthly intervals to children aged 3–59 months in areas of highly seasonal malaria transmission" and "during the high malaria transmission period."
Strong evidence suggests that SMC programs substantially reduce cases of malaria.
- GiveWell -
- GiveWell - http://www.givewell.org/international/technical/programs/seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention#What_is_the_program
- WHO -
- Malaria report - (p.4 of malaria summary report)
- Unicef -