These are charities in global health and development targeting:
Malaria | Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) | Empowerment | Safe Water | Nutrition | Preventable Blindness | Healthcare
Against Malaria Foundation (AMF)
AMF provides funding to distribute long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN) for protection against malaria in developing countries. There is strong evidence that distributing nets reduces child mortality and malaria cases. AMF has relatively strong reporting requirements for its distribution partners and provides a level of public disclosure and tracking of distributions that charity evaluator GiveWell has not seen from any other net distribution charity. AMF's post-distribution surveys have generally found positive results, though GiveWell states there are some methodological limitations.
Malaria Consortium works on preventing, controlling, and treating malaria and other communicable diseases in Africa and Asia. GiveWell has reviewed ts seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) programme, which aims to distribute preventive anti-malarial drugs to children aged between three- to 59-months, in order to prevent illness and death from malaria. There is strong evidence that SMC substantially reduces cases of malaria. GiveWell's recommendation is just for Malaria Consortium's SMC work.
Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (SCI)
SCI works with governments in sub-Saharan Africa to create or scale up "deworming" programmes that treat schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH). SCI identifies recipient countries and provides funding and advice to governments for their deworming programmes. It also conducts monitors and evaluates the processes and outcomes of these programmes. GiveWell assesses that there is relatively strong evidence for the positive impact of deworming.
Deworm the World Initiative (run by Evidence Action)
Evidence Action's Deworm the World Initiative advocates for, supports, and evaluates government-run school-based deworming programmes. Deworm the World sends monitors to schools during and after deworming initiatives to determine whether the programmes it supports have reached the children targeted. GiveWell has reviewed data from its two largest programmes and one new programme, which indicate overall strong results.
The END Fund
The END Fund manages grants, provides technical assistance, and raises funding for controlling and eliminating neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). GiveWell has reviewed its "deworming" programmes, which treat schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH); its recommendation is only for this part of the END Fund's work.
GiveDirectly transfers cash to extremely low-income households in developing countries via mobile phone payment services. GiveWell believes that available evidence supports the idea that unconditional cash transfers significantly help people. It appears that GiveDirectly has been effective at delivering cash to low-income households.
One Acre Fund
One Acre Fund helps farmers to boost their productivity — increasing harvest per acre, sales and income. The charity provides farmers with start-up financing, seeds and fertilizer, agricultural training, and market facilitation to help them maximize their profits. In 2017, One Acre Fund served 500,000 farming families throughout East Africa, and currently assists farmers in Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi.
Living Goods runs a network of Community Health Promoters (CHPs) who sell health and household goods door-to-door and provide basic health counseling in their communities in Uganda and Kenya. Living Goods also provides consulting and funding to another charity, BRAC, to run a similar network in Uganda and to other organizations in other locations. A randomized-controlled trial (RCT) in 2016 showed that Living Goods' programme had dramatically reduced child mortality.
Village Enterprise identifies extremely poor people in Kenya and Uganda and helps them build businesses that increase household income. The four-part programme includes: entrepreneurship training, cash grants, business mentoring and a savings group. Businesses are started in groups of three participants, which are later organised into Business Savings groups of 10 businesses each. There is strong evidence that the Village Enterprise programme leads to a significant and persistent increase in income for participants.
Dispensers for Safe Water
Dispensers for Safe Water is a sustainable rural water service that ensures access to safe drinking water for more than three million people in rural Kenya, Uganda, and Malawi. The charity treats water with chlorine, a proven, low-cost solution, and maintains sustainable service delivery, rather than offering a one-time hardware installation. The programme leverages cues from behavioral economics to achieve high rates of adoption, and measures its success on the actual amount of chlorine used.
Food Fortification Initiative (FFI)
The Food Fortification Initiative (FFI) works to reduce deficiencies of micronutrients, especially of folic acid and iron through advocacy and assistance for countries' flour and rice fortification programmes. GiveWell believes that fortification of food with certain micronutrients can be a highly effective intervention.
Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)
GAIN works to improve health through staple foods that are fortified with essential nutrients. GiveWell focuses exclusively on GAIN's work assisting universal salt iodization (USI) programmes. GAIN's USI activities vary across countries, including advocacy, technical assistance, supplying equipment, training government officials and salt producers, as well as monitoring. There is strong evidence that salt iodization programmes have a significant, positive effect on children's cognitive development and do so cost-effectively.
Iodine Global Network (IGN)
IGN aims to reduce iodine deficiency globally by advocating for national salt iodization programmes, tracking progress on iodization, and providing global and country-specific guidance on related programmatic and scientific issues. GiveWell believes there is strong evidence that salt iodization increases cognitive development in children with mild to moderate iodine deficiency.
Project Healthy Children (PHC)
PHC aims to reduce micronutrient deficiencies by assisting small countries in the design and implementation of food fortification programmes. GiveWell predicts that PHC works in countries with relatively high levels of micronutrient deficiencies and where the average income per person is very low and major health problems are relatively common. GiveWell believes that food fortification with certain micronutrients can be a highly effective intervention.
Sightsavers is a large organisation with multiple programmes focused on preventing avoidable blindness and supporting people with impaired vision. Its work to prevent and treat neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) by advocating for, funding, and monitoring deworming programmes through mass-drug administration was reviewed by GiveWell. Sightsavers has demonstrated a strong track record and excellent cost-effectiveness for deworming.
Fred Hollows Foundation
The Fred Hollows Foundation works to prevent and cure blindness and visual impairment among the extreme poor by training surgeons and other healthcare workers, funding treatments and surgeries, building and upgrading medical facilities, providing equipment, funding research and supporting advocacy. The foundation has established factories to produce low-cost intraocular lenses for cataract surgery. They have restored vision to well over a million people and protected the eyesight of many millions more.
Seva works with existing local programmes and institutions to provide a range of vision care and blindness prevention procedures. It provides free or low-cost eye exams, glasses, medical treatment and surgery to those who cannot afford to pay the full cost of these procedures. Seva’s revolutionary cataract interventions mean that as little as $50 can fund a cataract surgery for an individual in the developing world.
Population Services International (PSI)
PSI works to combat the dual problems of lack of health awareness and lack of available health care through its innovative educational campaigns and support for community health services franchises. PSI maximizes impact by targeting health care issues that are cost-effective to treat and yet often remain overlooked in the developing world. Their initiatives have so far prevented 9,246 maternal deaths; and 379,286 deaths due to malaria, diarrhea, and pneumonia in 2015.
Development Media International (DMI)
DMI produces radio and television programming in developing countries to encourage people to adopt improved health practices, such as exclusive breastfeeding of infants and seeking treatment for symptoms associated with fatal diseases. The programme aims to reduce mortality among children of less than five years old. Conceptually, mass media interventions have the potential to be highly cost-effective, though GiveWell has not seen strong evidence that they are cost-effective in practice.
Possible provides free and cost-effective health care services to Nepal’s rural poor in partnership with government medical programmes. It has been able to scale its services. to help to rebuild health care infrastructure in the country devastated by civil war and natural disasters. Under its durable health care model, Possible is compensated by the Nepali government on a results-basis.
Obstetric fistula is a devastating injury caused by difficult childbirth that renders women incontinent and can only be resolved through surgery. It affects the poorest women in the poorest parts of the developing world - women often find it difficult to reintegrate into their communities as they often face ostracism, even from their families. The Fistula Foundation has funded more than 19,300 surgeries in the last six years - more than any other organization in the world that does not receive government money.